The Tangent and Velocity Problems, The Limit of a Function, Calculating Limits Using the Limit Laws, Continuity, Limits at Infinity, Horizontal Asymptote, Infinite Limits, Vertical Asymptotes, Derivatives and Rates of Change, The Derivative as a Function, Differentiation of Polynomials, The Product and Quotient Rules, Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions. The Chain Rule, Implicit Differentiation, Related Rates, Maximum and Minimum Values, The Mean Value Theorem, How Derivatives Affect the Shape of a Graph. Summary of Curve Sketching, Optimization Problems. Antiderivatives, Areas and Derivatives. The Definite Integral. The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, The Indefinite Integral and Net Change Theorem. The Substitution Rule. Areas between Curves, Volumes. Volumes by Cylindrical Shells. Average Value of a Function, Exponential and Logarithmic Functions. Derivative and Integrals Involving Logarithmic Functions. Inverse Functions. Derivative and Integrals Involving Exp Functions, Derivative and Integrals Involving Inverse Trig Functions. Hyperbolic Functions and Hanging Cables. Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule.
Review of inverse functions. Inverse trigonometric functions, The derivative of inverse trigonometric functions. Hyperbolic functions, Inverse hyperbolic functions and their derivatives. Integrals involving inverse trigonometric and inverse hyperbolic functions, Integration by Parts. Trigonometric Integrals, Trigonometric Substitution, Integrating Rational Functions by Partial Fractions, Types of Improper Integrals and Methods of Evaluation, Sequences and their limits, monotone sequences, Infinite series, The comparison, Ratio and Root tests, Alternating series, Conditional convergence. Maclaurin and Taylor series, and their approximation, Power series, Differentiating and Integrating Power series, Polar coordinates, Curves defined by parametric equations, Tangent lines and length for parametric and polar curves, Area in polar coordinates
Newtonian mechanics, and thermal Physics, with topics include: Physics and measurement, Vectors, kinematics and dynamics of motion of a single particle in one and two dimensions, work and energy, system of particles, linear momentum and collisions, kinematics and dynamics of rotational motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies, and elasticity, fluid static and fluid dynamics, oscillatory motion, wave motion, and temperature and thermal equilibrium., Waves, Temperature, Heat.
The workshop training program is designed to satisfy the following Objectives: Teaching safety rules and regulations on-site in an industrial environment Proper use of working tools, instruments, and machines, Introducing basic workshop practices, production, labor, and time-requirements of workshop operations. The students are introduced to training programs in nine workshops: electrical wiring, welding, forging, fitting , turning and milling, carpentry, plumbing auto-mechanics, and casting. The student is to spend 6 hours of training in every workshop
Properties of constructional materials, clay brick (it is properties , specification, method of production),Cellular concrete 9raw materials , production , uses), binding materials (kinds, uses ), stones(properties, testing and its uses in construction), building blocks(kind, uses, and its raw material),specification of building material, review(general).
Rectangular Coordinate systems in 3-space, Vectors, Dot product, projections, Cross product, Parametric equations of a line, Planes in 3-space, Introduction to vector-valued functions. Calculus of vector-valued functions, Change of parameters, Arc Length, Unit Tangent, Normal and Binormal vectors, Curvature, Quadric Surfaces. Functions of two or more variables, Limits and continuity. Partial derivatives, Differentiability, Local Linearity. The Chain rule, Directional derivatives and gradients. Tangent planes and normal vectors, Maxima and minima of functions of two variables. Lagrange multipliers, Double integrals. Double integrals over non rectangular regions, Double integrals in polar coordinates, Triple integrals, Cylindrical and spherical coordinates, Triple integrals in cylindrical and Spherical coordinates
First-Order Differential Equations: Initial-value problem. separable variables. Homogeneous equations. Exact equations. Li-near equations. Integrating factor. Bernoulli equation. Applications. Second-Order Differential Equations: Initial-value and Boundary-value problems. Linear differential operators. Reduction of order. Homogeneous equations with constant coefficients. Non-homogeneous equations. Method of undetermined coefficients. method of variation of parameters. Some nonlinear equations. Applications. Higher order Differential Equations. Laplace Transforms: Definitions. Properties. Inverse Laplace transforms. Solving initial value problems. Special functions: Heavy side unit step function. Convolution theorem. System of Linear Differential Equations: Definitions. Elimination method. Application of Linear Algebra. Homogeneous linear systems. Non-homogeneous linear systems. Solving systems by Laplace transforms. Series Solutions: Cauchy-Euler equation method. Solutions about ordinary points. Solutions about singular points. Method of Frobenius. Second Solutions and Logarithm terms. Partial Differential Equations: Some mathematical models. Fourier series solutions. Method of separation of variables. The D’Alembert solution of the wave equation
Torsion: Torsion theory, Polar second moment of area, Shear stress and shear strain in shafts, Hook’s law, Torsional rigidity, hollow shafts, thin-walled tubes, Composite shafts connections , Strain energy in torsion, Power transmitted by shafts, Combined stress systems,Internalforcesinbeams,beamdeflection.Thin Cylinders and Shells: Internal pressure, stresses, Thin rotating ring and spherical shell, pressure Vessels, Cylindrical vessel with hemispherical end, Effects of end plates and joints.
Thick cylinders:Longitudinal stress, Maximum shear stress, Compound cylinders, Shrinkage or interference allowance, Compound cylinder -different materials, Thick cylinder - internal pressure only, Comparison with thin cylinder theory. Complex Stresses:Stresses on oblique planes, Material subjected to pure shear, two mutually perpendicular direct stresses, combined stresses, Graphical solution - Mohr 's stress circle, Three-dimensional stresses -graphical representation.
Structure of Metals:Crystalline structure of metals Grains and grain boundaries, Nucleation and dentritic growth, Influence of solidification conditions on structure and properties. Defection cast metals.Thermal Equilibrium Diagrams:Cooling curves, solid solution alloys, factors affecting solid solubility, solid state diffusion, Thermal Equilibrium diagrams of a binary alloy showing complete solid solubility, effect of cooling rate, the inverse lever rule.Equilibrium diagram of a binary alloy showing in complete solubility in the solid state. Partial solubility in the solid state, intermediate phases. Allotropy of Iron.
1. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing by E.P Degarmo 2. Process and Materials of Manufacturing by Lindberg
Introduction to thermodynamics, Zeroeth law of thermodynamics, First law of thermodynamics, Thermodynamically reversible changes, Gas Expansion: maximum work, Heat capacity, Thermo-chemistry and its applications in metallurgy, Introduction to second law, Entropy, free energy and chemical equilibrium, some thermodynamic relationships involving entropy, some thermodynamic relationships involving free energy, Chemical equilibrium, controlled atmospheres, the equilibrium constant and the stability of compounds, Ellingham Diagrams, Introduction to solutions, ideal solutions: Raoults law, deviations from Raoults law, activities and activity coefficient, Henry's law and Sievert's law, Regular solutions, Free energy of mixing, The Gibbs-Duhem equation, Phase equilibrium, Thermodynamic phase equation, Phase rule, Phase diagrams, Unary Systems, Binary Systems, Ternary Systems.
Basic concepts and units, current, voltage, power, and energy,Potential difference, low of resistance, units of resistivity, Effect of temperature on resistance, conductance and conductivity, Ohm's law, Series cct., series elements, voltage sources in series, Voltage divider rule, Parallel cct., Parallel elements, current divider rule, Voltage source in parallel, short and open circuits, Kirchhoff’s current laws and voltage laws, Series – parallel cct. Conversions current source in series and parallel
delta/star transform, Star/delta Transform,Methods of analysis of current sources, Mesh analysis method, nodal analysis method, superposition, Maximum power Transfer, Power Transfer Efficiency, Theories compositions Thévenin and Norton theorem, division of current in parallel circuits, Compensation Theorem, Capacitors
Programming of linear equation: Array operations, Solving linear equations .Programming in MATLAB: Introduction, M-File scripts, M-File functions, Anatomy of a M-File function, Input and output arguments, Output commands .Debugging M-File: Introduction, Debugging process. GUI (Graphical User Interface): Introduction, Getting started, How to create GUIs with MATLAB.
Basic Component of Casting, Advantages and Disadvantages of Casting Methods, Molding and molding sands, classification of foundry process, casting and its types, pattern and pattern making, core and core making, furnaces, crucibles, molding tools and foundry equipment, Metal Casting Design, Solidification of pure metals and alloys –shrinkage in cast metals, Casting Methods.
Manufacturing Engineering and Technology by Kalpakjian
Engineering Metallurgy II
The Iron/ Carbon phase diagram: The effect of rapid cooling, the Eutectoid reaction, the Peritectic diagram, plain carbon steels, mechanical properties microstructures, classification of plain carbon steel and uses, relationship between carbon content, microstructures and mechanical properties. Effect of some elements (Manganese, Silicon, Sulphur, Phosphourst.Cast Iron: Microstructures and mechanical properties, white cast iron, gray cast iron, malleable cast iron, the production of malleable cast iron. Types of Alloy Steel.Non-Ferrous Metals: Copper and its Alloys, Aluminum and its Alloys Recommended Textbook(s):
Hydrocarbons, aliphatics, ring, olifenes, acytelines, aromatics, Orbitals, Thermal cracking process, hydrogenation, reduction, Special reactions: oxidation and combustion, addition, substitution, nitration, Sulphonation, halogenation, polymerization, Halides, Alcohols and phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes and ketones, Carboxylic acids, esters, amino-acids, amides, Amines and some.
Introduction to polymer science: Chain conformations in polymers, Rubber elasticity Polymer solutions, Amorphous state and glass transition Crystalline state, Molecular structure of polymers, Polymer chain flexibility, Molecular motion and Glass, Rubber transition temperature , Free volume theory &Tg Crystallization, Mechanical tests, Elastic Modulus, Creep and Stress relaxation, Polymer viscoelasticity and modeling
Superposition principle and WLF equations, Tensile properties, Stress concentration and fracture Hardness, Impact resistance, HDT and VICAT tests Dynamic Mechanical Properties
Introduction to Synthesis of Nanomaterials, Zero-Dimensional Nanostructures,Introduction to nanoparticles, Introduces scientific principles and theory relevant at the nanoscale dimension, One-Dimensional Nanostructures, Two-Dimensional Nanostructures , Three-Dimensional Nanostructures , Morphology of nanomaterials, Special nanomaterials, Applications of nanotechnology in various fields,Characterization and characterization techniques of nanomaterials, nanotubes, nanowires, and nanostructured thin films, emphasizing their synthesis, structural and property characterization, Applications of nanomaterials
The basic knowledge on plasticity taught in mechanical metallurgy is extended to theory of metal forming.The contents of this course are:
State of stress, components of stress, symmetry of stress tensor, principle stresses, stress deviator, Von Mises, Tresca Yield criteria, comparison of yield criteria,Fundamentals of metal forming, Classification of forming process- Mechanics of metal working, Flow stress determination, Effect oftemperature, strain rate and metallurgical structure on metal working, Friction and lubrication, Deformation zone geometry, Workability, Residual stresses
Applications of metal forming processes and their analysis are studied indetail. The contents of this course are:
forging and rolling, Direct and indirect extrusion, variables affecting extrusion, deformation pattern, equipments, simple analysis of extrusion ,tube extrusionand production of seamless pipe and tube, Drawing of road, wires and tubes, deep drawing, bunching and blanking, bending, stretch forming, defects in formed part
This course teaches powder preparation, characterization, compaction and sintering. This knowledge is essential to understand powder metallurgy applications in aerospace, automobile and machining materials. The contents of this course are:
Powder manufacture and conditioning, characteristics and testing of metal powders, powder compaction, sintering, applications: Major applications in Aerospace, Nuclear and Automobile industries- Bearing Materials-types, Self lubrication and other types, Methods of production, Properties, Applications. Sintered Friction Materials-Clutches, Brake linings, Tool Materials- Cemented carbides, Oxide ceramics, Cermets- Dispersion strengthened materials
Phase Transformation: Basics of thermodynamics, kinetics and diffusion mechanisms. Diffusion Controlled Phase Transformation: Nucleation and growth - Types of nucleation - Concept of free energy during solidification - Thermodynamics of homogeneous nucleation. Diffusionless Transformations :Martensite transformation - Definition - characteristic features of Martensitic transformation in steels .Precipitation Reactions:structure and property during ageing, sequence of ageing, theories of precipitation hardening, effect of time, temperature and alloy compositions. Annealing: Cold working and hot working, Recovery - polygonization and dislocation movements inpolygonization, Recrystallisation - effect of time, temperature, strain and other variables, mechanism of nucleation and growth, Grain growth- Grain growth law, geometrical
The subject provides knowledge on various types of corrosion, their kinetics, testing and methods of protection as well as introduction to corrosion ology. The contents of this course are:
Corrosion , kind of Corrosion, Introduction to tribology, surface degradation, wear and corrosion, types of wear, adhesive,abrasive,Untraditional cutting methods, Electric spark cutting , Current passing cutting , Ultrasonic cutting, leaser cutting ,Chemical cutting , brose smoothing ,ethicizing Corrosion and corrosion damage , Electro chemical aspects, Polarization , Passivity, Environmental effect, Metallurgical aspects, Types of corrosion , general corrosion , Galvanic corrosion , intergranular Corrosion , Crevice Corrosion, filiform Corrosion ,Pitting ,selective leaching , Erosion Corrosion ,stress Corrosion , Corrosion fatigue ,hydrogen cracking , Calculation and emf. And PH, Hall-cell potential, calculation of activation polarizing , problem of polarization , Problem of passivity , Kinetics of Corrosion, Measurement of Corrosion ,rate, the role of the environment in the Corrosion , Corrosion behavior of some metals , Corrosion and scale resistance of engineering , Corrosion protection alloys , Selection of proper metal or alloys , protection by Coating, Protection by alteration of environment, Protection by using the inhibitors, Cathodic protection , Anodic protection Corrosion control by design, Corrosion control by design ,Some corrosion problems encountered in practice
Analytical, experimental, or field work carried out in accordance with a preapproved project plan under the supervision of faculty member(s).
Continuation of previous work-Analytical, experimental, or field work carried out in accordance with a preapproved project plan under the supervision of facultymember(s).
Introduction: Investment Explained, Interest and Financial Mathematics. Simple interest. Compound interest. Graphical Conventions Single Payment, Uniform Series. Arithmetic Gradient Nominal and Effective Interest Rates Interest and Principal Separation, Present Worth Analysis. Present Worth Analysis. Investment in Bonds, Use computer software (MS Excel) to perform basic economical analyses Annual Worth Analysis, Rate of Return Analysis3, Analysis of Public Projects. The Benefit-Cost-Analysis Depreciation Methods, Depreciation Analysis using Computer software (MS Excel) Income Taxes. After tax analyses, Effects of Inflation, Loans Breakeven Analysis.
Course Content: Introduction: Why Professional Ethics?, What Is A Profession?, Professions as Social Practices, Models Of Professionalism, The Business Model, The Professional Model, Types Of Ethics Or Morality, Responsibility in Engineering, Engineering Standards, Framing the Problems, Resolving Problems, The Social and Value Dimensionsof Technology, Trust and Reliability, Risk and Liability in Engineering, Engineers in Organizations, Engineers and the Environment, Cases should be presented for use in conjunction with materials (over the world & local)Text Book: Engineering Ethics, Concepts And Cases, Charles E. Harris, Michael S. Pritchard, and Michael J. Rabins, 2009, 2005 Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, USA ISBN-10: 0-495-50279-0
Important technology , Engineering materials , Design , Factors effect of manufacturing method , classification ofManufacturing processes, their advantages and disadvantages,cutting tool materials, Tools geometrical shapes , Variables cutting effect, mechanism of chip formation, heat generation and cutting tool temperature, cutting forces,tool wear, tool life, cutting fluids,Vertical cutting , inclined cutting.
Shaping and planning,Plain Turning, Taper Turning, Thread Cutting, Estimation of machining time for the above turning processes, Drilling, Tapping, Reaming, milling, Surface Milling. Gear Cutting, Contour Milling, grinding, finishing operations, surface finish in machining
Engineering aspects of failure and failure analysis. Basic Concepts in Fracture Mechanics, Mechanics Of Fracture- Static Loading, Theories Of Failure, Fatigue, Basics of Fracture Toughness, Distorsionand Failure of Metals, Failure Analysis Of Creep Rupture Destructive Test Of Materials, Wear And Tear Strengthening Mechanisms.
Fundamentals of composites, need for composites,Types of fibers used in Composite materials and their chemical composition , Type of matrix used in Composite, Development of Composite fibers, Preparation of fibers and their performing , Reinforcing fibers, Properties of industrial , properties of Composite ,Non constructive evolution of Composites, Types of Composites , Hand layout process for Composites articles, Hand layout process for composites , Composites articles by injection mouldin, Non polymeric composites, Designing of articles from composite materials,
Criteria for selection of materials, application of statistics in materials selection, specification of steels,Composition, heat treatment, microstructure and properties of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, ceramics andpolymers for light and heavy structural, corrosion resistant, magnetic, electrical and electronic applications,medical implants and prostheses application.
Selection for fatigue, Selection for creep and temperature resistance, Selection for wear resistance, Selection for thermal properties, Selection for electrical properties, Selection formagnatic properties, Selection of processes, surface finish, machining of metals, cost aspects of process selection.
Introduction , electric field , electric field strength , electric flux density ,Polarization mechanisms, electronic polarization , Ionic polarization , Orientation polarization, space charge polarization, total polarization of dielectric material , the internal field in solid and liquid the polarization catastrophe , capacitors, Effect of frequency on the dielectric constant , effect of temperature on polarization and dielectric constant . Important points for the selection of a dielectric materials ferroelectric materials , hysteresis curve , Electrostriction , piezoelectricity , Important requirements of good insulating materials , Dielectric loses , significance of the loss tangent , depending on of the loss tangent on temperature , and frequency , Dipolar relaxation frequency and temperature depending of the dielectric constant of polar dielectric properties of polymeric system , Ionic conductivity in insulator , magnetic permeability , magnetic susceptibility , Classification of magnetic in magnetic materials, B-H curve fore diamagnetic paramagnetic , Ferromagnetic materials Classification of magnetic materials(hard , and soft magnetic materials), Reflectors , Absorbers, Resonators, Sound insulation , airborne and impact insulation , Methods of improving airborne sound insulation of building element, Sound insulation, airborne and impact insulation , Methods of improving airborne sound insulation of building element , Vibration , Thermal conductivity, coefficient of thermal conductivity , Equivalent thickness of various walls , Compound wall, Thermal resistance , Properties of thermal insulation materials .